The trigeminal nerve supplies sensation to the face, and powers muscles of the face involved in chewing.
Trigeminal Neuralgia Symptoms
Trigeminal neuralgia usually involves one side of the face. One or two divisions of the trigeminal nerve may be involved for any one specific patient. The attacks are discrete and episodic. There may be long periods (months even) between attacks.
The pain of trigeminal neuralgia is typically described as electric/ lancinating or shooting and limited to the distribution of the trigeminal nerve. There are typical triggers such as eating, brushing teeth, or wind blowing across the face.
When patients with trigeminal neuralgia are examined, their doctor will usually not find any physical abnormality related to the trigeminal nerve.
Trigeminal Neuralgia Treatment
Trigeminal neuralgia treatment includes both medical and surgical methods. The most common medical treatment is a medication called carbamazepine. Depending on your specific circumstances, surgical management by a neurosurgeon in Australia, may involve an injection in your cheek or a brain operation. Trigeminal neuralgia surgery involves an incision behind your ear on the side of your pain. The nerve is identified and one of the normal blood vessels of the brain compressing the nerve will be moved to take the pressure away from the nerve.
Dr Marguerite Harding is a renowned neurosurgeon in Australia. To make an appointment with her, call 08 7231 9974.