A neurosurgeon is a specialist surgeon who manages

conditions of the nervous system. The nervous system includes the brain, spinal
cord and nerves in the arms and legs. The latter are referred to as peripheral
nerves.

A neurologist is a specialist physician who also manages
conditions of the nervous system.

There is some overlap in the conditions that are being
treated, but some conditions are treated exclusively by one of these
specialists.

Common conditions treated by neurologists:

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Motor Neuron Disease
  • Epilepsy
  • Dementia including Alzheimer’s disease
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Myasthenia gravis
  • Cluster headaches
  • Migraines

Common conditions treated by neurosurgeons:

  • Benign and malignant tumours of the brain and
    spine
  • Brain aneurysms
  • Other blood vessel abnormalities of the brain
    and spine
  • Spinal degenerative disease such as spinal
    stenosis
  • Lumbar disc herniations
  • Tethered cord syndrome
  • Hydrocephalus
  • Head injuries
  • Spinal injuries

Common conditions treated by both:

  • Trigeminal neuralgia
  • Hemifacial Spasm
  • Stroke – neurologists tend to have a larger role
    in management, while neurosurgical management is specific and limited to
    certain conditions.
  • Idiopathic intracranial hypertension

Please note that this is not an exhaustive list, merely
an illustrative list of examples.